- The nature and causes of limitations in working memory capacity
- The role of those differences in real-world cognitive tasks
- The association of working memory capacity and cognitive control to fluid intelligence
Engle & Martin (2018)
Is a Science of Mind Even Possible? Reply to Logie (2018) Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.
Shipstead, Harrison, & Engle (2016)
Working memory capacity and fluid intelligence: Maintenance and disengagement. Perspectives on Psychological Science 11(6), 771-799.
Redick et al. (2013)
No evidence of intelligence improvement after working memory training: A randomized, placebo-controlled study. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142(2) , 359.
Psychonomic Society Keynote Address 2017
Randall W. Engle, went to W. Va. State College (now W.Va. State University) located 6 miles from his house because it was the only school he could afford to attend but it was one of the transforming experiences of his life. State was a public all-black college prior to 1954. As a consequence, most of his faculty were outstanding scholars who could not get jobs at top universities. One of his psychology professors was a marvelously well-read scholar named Herman G. Canady, a 1929 Ph.D. from Northwestern and one of the first black ABEP’s. Canady worked his way through graduate school as a butler. Engle had a Harvard graduate for his math courses, a Yale Ph.D. as a drama teacher, and his French teacher was a black female who received her Ph.D. from the Sorbonne.
He graduated with nearly as many hours in zoology and math as he had in psychology so it was probably inevitable that he gravitated to experimental psychology. He was admitted to Ohio State to work with D.D. Wickens. Wick was a wonderful mentor and was exceedingly patient with a student that wanted to do everything but did not focus on anything long enough to do it well. The job market was tough in 1972 when Engle graduated and he was lucky to land a job at King College in Tennessee. King was a small Presbyterian college in the Appalachian hills and had a total of 335 students and 35 faculty members. His two years there, with 10 classes per year, made him a teacher. Fortunately, two of his classes each year were senior research seminars, which he used to conduct experiments. He was limited in equipment to a tape recorder and slide projector, so he did research on modality effects in short-term memory. At the end of two years, he had two publications, enough to land him a job at the University of South Carolina where he spent the next 21 years.
He moved to the School of Psychology at Georgia Institute of Technology as Chair, a position he held for 13 years. He stepped down as chair to found the GSU/GT Center for Advanced Brain Imaging (CABI) on the Georgia Tech campus for which he served as Director for four years. He was editor of Current Directions in Psychological Science for over 10 years and has been on the editorial board of numerous other journals over his career. His research for the past 35 years has explored the nature of working memory, the nature and causes of limitations in working memory capacity, the role of those differences in real-world cognitive tasks, and the association of working memory capacity and cognitive control to fluid intelligence. His work has been funded by various agencies including the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, DARPA, and Office of Naval Research.
Engle’s work has been highly influential across a wide array of areas including social psychology, emotion, psychopathology, developmental psychology, psychological testing, and has contributed to modern theory of cognitive and emotional control. Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=irWRyqcAAAAJ&hl=en) shows that Engle’s work has been cited nearly 44,000 times. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, Association of Psychological Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Society of Experimental Psychology, the Memory Disorders Research Society, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has served as Chair of the Governing Board of the Psychonomic Society, Chair of the Board of the Council of Graduate Departments of Psychology (COGDOP), and President of Division 3 of APA. He received the first APA Division 3 Lifetime Achievement Award. He is also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a newly elected member of the National Academy of Sciences.
He has also received numerous awards for his teaching and mentorship, including the Elizabeth Hurlock Beckman Award for mentoring, the APS Mentor Award, and the Mentor Award of the Southeastern Psychological Association. He is quite proud of his former graduate students and post docs who hold positions at Washington University in St. Louis, Yale University, University of California Irvine, Wells Fargo Bank, University of North Carolina Greensboro, Claremont Graduate School, Kenyon College, Michigan State University, University of Oregon, Abbott Labs, University of Ulm, Université de Fribourg, Purdue University, and the University of North Georgia.